Wednesday, August 26, 2020

How to Write a Business Memo

The most effective method to Write a Business Memo The most effective method to Write a Business Memo A notice (or notice) is a short report intended for interior correspondence. In the event that you have to illuminate your representatives or associates of something, for example, you may need to compose a business update. In any case, how accomplishes this work? In this post, we take a gander at the nuts and bolts. Header Information A business reminder ought to recognize itself, so utilize the heading â€Å"MEMORANDUM† at the top. From that point onward, you have to incorporate four things: The date you are sending the notice The memo’s recipient(s) Yourself (i.e., the sender) The subject of the notice So in the event that we needed to contact our editors, our update may start: The beneficiaries will at that point have the option to see whether it concerns them. Section One: Your Main Point Start your notice by obviously clarifying why you are sending it. It is imperative to arrive at the point rapidly here, so center around the most significant subtleties and spare inside and out data for some other time. Section Two: Supporting Evidence The second †and presumably longest †some portion of your notice will be an increasingly nitty gritty clarification of the subject of the notice. This may include: Significant foundation data for setting A clarification of the issue, perhaps including a model Any supporting proof required to come to your meaningful conclusion In a perfect world, this ought to be close to a passage or two. In the event that you discover you have a great deal of data to impart, you may need to compose a full business report. Be that as it may, you can utilize an update to cause to notice a more extended archive (e.g., by appending a document or including a URL). Section Three: Closing Statement End your reminder with a short shutting articulation. On the off chance that appropriate, this ought to incorporate what you need the beneficiaries to do in light of the update (e.g., a game-plan or submitting data). Then again, it can just be a short outline of the key data from the notice. Tips on How to Write a Business Memo When composing a business reminder, make a point to: Utilize a reasonable, succinct composing style that is straightforward. Ensure the tone is suitable to the subject. For example, while an update about a business choice would be formal and expert, a reminder reporting the date of the company’s Christmas celebration ought to presumably utilize an increasingly merry tone. Use designing, for example, visual cues and leans to help skim perusers. Recall that a notice isn't a letter. You don't have to incorporate a welcome toward the beginning or a valediction toward the end (e.g., no requirement for â€Å"Dear So and So† or â€Å"Kind regards†). At long last, we’ve made a model reminder to give you what yours strength resemble. Also, don’t neglect to guarantee your reminder is sans blunder by having it checked by an expert editor.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Close examination of global financial systems Essay

Close assessment of worldwide money related frameworks - Essay Example Not exclusively is the current capacity of German widespread banking overemphasized, it maybe never was as significant as supported, even at its top by the turn of the century. The picture that shows up isn't steady with the case that German general banks applied extensive force on mechanical organizations and offered a lot of subsidizing (Bongini et al, 2009, p. 76). Despite the fact that there were various cases of this, these were the special cases to the general standard, which was for organizations to help themselves within to a great extent. Down to business concentrate on the general estimations of bank-based just as market-put together money related frameworks has centered with respect to â€Å"Germany and Japan as bank-based frameworks and the United States and the United Kingdom as market-based systems† (World Bank, 2012, p. 111). The bank-put together thought underlines with respect to the valuable capacity of banks in actuating assets, ordering great endeavors, adm inistering officials, and managing hazard. The bank-put together methodology also stresses with respect to the general constraints of market-based frameworks. Particularly, exceptionally delicate markets quickly uncover information inside open markets, which reduces the instigations for singular investors to acquire data. Subsequently, better market extension may obstruct instigations for grouping spearheading adventures that energize advancement. Banks, then again, reduce this misfortune as they make proceeding with joins with organizations and don't uncover information promptly inside open. Backers of the bank-based methodology also feature that fluid markets structure a biased financial specialist condition. In fluid markets, financial specialists can monetarily exchange their offers, with the goal that they have more modest number of affectations to apply careful corporate control. As a... Subsequent to raising the fundamental the principle subject of the article, we see that it makes a couple of admirable sentiments to contend about. Though the capacity of money related frameworks is contended, the exhibition of various kinds of monetary frameworks is considerably more incredibly contends. Banks in Germany are fundamentally responsible for the development of the country, having advanced and built up its ventures. To them, more than some other gathering might be credited the magnificent results yet figured it out. The paper goes further into the point by bringing different models. Realistic investigation on the overall estimations of bank-based just as market-put together money related frameworks has centered with respect to â€Å"Germany and Japan as bank-based frameworks and the United States and the United Kingdom as market-based systems† (World Bank, 2012, p. 111). The article says that hypothetically, the monetary administrations idea is totally good with b oth the bank-based just as market-based methodologies. Afterward, we are offered bits of guidance, for example, when attempting to control the plan of a monetary framework, the investigation suggests that administrative bodies ought not eagerly focus on banks and markets freely, but instead consider them to be fundamental parts of a co-creating framework. All in all, we see that when attempting to control the structure of a monetary framework, the investigation suggests that administrative bodies ought not eagerly focus on banks and markets freely, but instead consider them to be fundamental segments of a co-creating framework.

Friday, August 21, 2020

How to Help a Loved One Diagnosed With Social Anxiety Disorder

How to Help a Loved One Diagnosed With Social Anxiety Disorder Social Anxiety Disorder Coping Print Supporting a Loved One With Social Anxiety Disorder By Arlin Cuncic Arlin Cuncic, MA, is the author of Therapy in Focus: What to Expect from CBT for Social Anxiety Disorder and 7 Weeks to Reduce Anxiety. Learn about our editorial policy Arlin Cuncic Updated on February 22, 2020 Social Anxiety Disorder Overview Symptoms & Diagnosis Causes Treatment Living With In Children LaraBelova / Getty Images If a close friend or family member has been diagnosed with social anxiety disorder (SAD), there are many challenges that he or she will face. Having a supportive family and network of friends will make treatment and recovery easier. Getting better is a processâ€"it takes hard work on the part of the person diagnosed and patience from family and friends. Tips for Supporting a Loved One With Social Anxiety Disorder Below are a variety of ways to support your friend or family member through this process. Learn About Social Anxiety Disorder SAD is more than just severe shyness. It is a real medical condition that has been linked to abnormalities in brain chemistry and dysfunctional thinking patterns.?? Learning as much as you can about the symptoms of the disorder and what treatments are effective will help you know what to expect from the illness and from recovery. The Best Self-Help Strategies for Social Anxiety Disorder Don’t Enable Your friend or relative may have spent many years with the symptoms of social anxiety disorder before being diagnosed.?? During this time, you may have developed habits to help him or her avoid anxiety-provoking situations. It will take time and practice to unlearn these patterns. For example, if you have developed the habit of speaking on behalf of your sister while in social situations, gradually stop this behavior. If she becomes too anxious and wants to leave a social situation, negotiate with her to stay just a little bit longer. It is a delicate balance between not enabling avoidance and being sensitive to the need for slow progress. Learn when to be patient and when to push. Encourage Treatment If your friend or family member is resistant to receiving treatment, listen to his concerns. If he has questions about specific aspects of treatment, you can ask to speak to a member of the treatment team to ease his worries. Gently encourage him to seek treatment, and encourage him to complete treatment once it has begun. The Best Treatments for Social Anxiety Disorder Praise Small Accomplishments Therapy and recovery are gradual processes.?? It is important that you recognize small steps made by your friend or family member and give praise and positive feedback. Voice that you are proud of her for trying, even if she doesnt initially reach a goal that has been set. Applaud progress and encourage the use of skills learned during therapy. Keep to a Routine The period of treatment and recovery can be a stressful time.?? It’s important that your friend or family member knows that you will be consistent and reliable and that there will be routines that can be counted on. If you normally spend a couple of hours at a dinner party, don’t expect your spouse to stay late into the night. During particularly stressful periods, such as holidays, be flexible and modify your expectations. Try to keep family life as stress-free as possible. Ask Them What They Need Don’t assume that you know what your friend or family member needs. If you are in an anxiety-provoking situation, ask how you can best help him or her cope. Together, you can determine how little or how much you will need to be involved in the recovery process. Be Patient Treatment and recovery can be a slow processâ€"it may take months to change patterns that have been learned over many years.?? Be patient and don’t expect too much from your friend or family member all at once. Manage Your Own Emotions If your friend or a family member becomes overly anxious or panicky in certain situations, it is important not to get too emotional yourself. Although it is important to be empathetic, try not to focus too much on the fear. For example, if your friend panics before going to a social gathering, avoid overly empathizing with him about how difficult it will be. Focus on the positive progress that he is making and your confidence in his ability to cope. How to Cope When a Family Member Has SAD Don’t Place Blame Do not regard social anxiety disorder as being someones fault. Feeling guilty or blaming your friend or relative will only make things worse. Accept that the disorder is the result of biological and psychological factors that are out of everyones control. Understanding the Causes of Social Anxiety Disorder Be a Good Listener Sometimes just telling someone about your problems makes them seem more manageable. Allow your friend or family member to explain how she feels. In addition to making you more aware of what she is going through, it will help her feel less isolated. Don’t tell her that she is being ridiculous or that her fears are silly. A person with social anxiety disorder knows that his or her fears are irrational but, nevertheless, is unable to control them. A Word From Verywell Helping someone with an anxiety disorder requires patience and understanding. In the case of social anxiety disorder, it also requires the ability to be close to someone who may sometimes seem to be pushing you away. Learn to separate the symptoms from the person, and you will be much further ahead in your journey toward helping your loved one.

Sunday, May 24, 2020

Essay on Humans are Responsible for Global Warming

This essay offers a defense to the position that humans are responsible for global warming. What is Carbon Dioxide? Before attempting to answer any questions based on observations about carbon dioxide, taking a moment to identify the carbon dioxide helps to ensure a clear understanding of the element. According to Princeton University (n.d.), â€Å"carbon dioxide, carbon dioxide, is a heavy odorless colorless gas formed during respiration and by the decomposition of organic substances†. This naturally occurring element is exists in the Earth’s atmosphere where it circulates between water, plants, soil and animals. Current Carbon Dioxide Levels Knowledge of carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere helps scientists understand how the†¦show more content†¦Three sources that add carbon dioxide to the atmosphere include the use of fossil fuels, deforestation and industry. Burning fossil fuels including coal and oil based products releases carbon dioxide into the atmosphere increasing carbon dioxide levels. â€Å"Burning of fossil fuel accounts for fifty-two to sixty five percent of the human-induced emissions† (Hilderman, 2011). It does not stop there. Deforestation has two negative effects on the planet. It releases carbon dioxide into the atmosphere and removes a natural tool used to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Trees and other plants convert carbon dioxide to oxygen. Removing these from our ecosystem only help to tip the scales of carbon dioxide buildup in the wrong direction. â€Å"Deforestation accounts for twelve to twenty-five percent† (Hilderman, 2011) of the human-induced carbon dioxide emissions. Both the burning of fossil fuels and deforestation directly add carbon dioxide to the atmosphere. Industry adds carbon dioxide indirectly. While industry does add carbon dioxide to the atmosphere directly primarily through the burning of fossil fuels, other industrial activities indirectly add carbon dioxide to the atmosphere. â€Å"The production and consumption of mineral products such as cement, the production of metals such as iron and steel, and the production of chemicals† (EPA, 2013) produce carbon dioxide by way of chemical reactions notShow MoreRelatedHumans Are Responsible For Global Warming877 Words   |  4 Pagessurprising to read on the internet about ice caps melting and strong storms devastating cities. Global warming is a serious issue that should be put in consideration. However, before trying to fix such issue. We should focus on what is causing global warming. Humans are responsible for global warming. Even though, most of the earth’s population deny being responsible for global contamination/global warming. A slight change on temperature can cause a big change on the earth’s weather and environmentRead MoreAre Humans Responsible for Global Warming?2365 Words   |  10 PagesAre Humans Responsible for Global Warming? A REVIEW OF THE FACTS APRIL 2007 AUTHORS James Wang, Ph.D. Bill Chameides, Ph.D. Are Humans Responsible for Global Warming? The case for attributing the recent global warming to human activities rests on the following undisputed scientific facts: †¢ Carbon dioxide (CO2) is a greenhouse gas that warms the atmosphere. †¢ Since pre-industrial times, atmospheric CO2 concentrations have increased from about 280 parts per million (ppm) to over 380 ppm. CurrentRead MoreHumans Are Responsible For Global Warming2056 Words   |  9 PagesDraft Humans are Responsible for Global Warming On November 8th, American citizens will go to the polls and vote for the next president of the United States. During the presidential campaign, both candidates, Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump, have their own different points of view on environmental issues. Hillary Clinton affirms her commitment to the fight against climate change. She supports the Paris Agreement, which is an agreement among many nations to respond to the threat of global warmingRead MoreHuman Activity Responsible For Global Warming Essay1948 Words   |  8 Pagesenvironment varies. Everyone adapts to alterations differently, but is human activity responsible for global warming negatively affecting human health? Background: Historical Background †¯Ã¢â‚¬ ¯Ã¢â‚¬ ¯Ã¢â‚¬ ¯Ã¢â‚¬ ¯Ã¢â‚¬ ¯ At the beginning of the twentieth century, when global warming was merely a thought to occur among the presence of the greenhouse effect, scientists started to believe it would good for the environment to experience global warming. During the late 1950s, a couple of scientists took further examinationsRead MoreIs Human Activity Primarily Responsible For Global Climate Change And Global Warming?1371 Words   |  6 PagesIs Human Activity Primarily Responsible for Global Climate Change and Global Warming? What is global climate change? Is human activity primarily responsible? According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency, global warming â€Å"refers to the recent and ongoing rise in global average temperature near Earth s surface. It is caused mostly by increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Global warming is causing climate patterns to change. However, global warming itselfRead MoreThe Effects Of Global Warming On Earth1577 Words   |  7 Pagesto be. It is known as global warming. Global warming is constant rise in the global average temperature near the surface of the earth. Although to some, global warming is nothing more than a myth, a rumor to scare the race into rethinking their selfish acts, but global warming is no myth. I believe that global warming is far from a myth, it is real and it is dangerous. The evidence is all around us. If you look to the stars, you can see that the atmosphere is full of human-produced molecules thatRea d MoreThe Debate On Global Climate Change1605 Words   |  7 PagesThe debate on global climate change argues that human-generated greenhouse gas emissions are too small to substantially change the earth’s climate and that the planet is capable of absorbing those increases. It is contended that warming over the 20th century resulted primarily from natural processes such as fluctuations in the sun s heat and ocean currents. But the theory of human-caused global climate change is based on questionable measurements, faulty climate models, and misleading science. InRead MoreReview of The Great Global Warming Swindle1281 Words   |  6 Pages The Great Global Warming Swindle has been the most widely watched documentary critical of the scientific consensus that climate change is due to anthropogenic activities. Aired in 2007 in the United Kingdom, the documentary claimed to debunk the â€Å"myth† of manmade global climate change, exposing it as a vast conspiracy design ed to gain funding for research and push an environmental agenda that is especially harmful to the developing world. Directed by British producer Martin Durkin, the documentaryRead MoreCauses Of Environmental Issues1467 Words   |  6 Pagescare. However, the global issues around the world are the most serious and concerning problems. According to Globe scan, 64% out of 25,000 people said environmental issue is the most serious problem. Like other issues, environmental issue is a growing problem around the whole world. Some people know and say that humans have to save the Earth, but how many of them actually keep those rules to save it? For that reason, environmental issue is an ongoing problem, and global warming is the huge and significantRead MoreThe Debate On Global Warming1239 Words   |  5 Pagescontroversy concerning global warming. The controversy takes the form of public debate that centers on five issues (Mazo 30). The first issue is whether or not global warming is occ urring. The second issue is whether global warming is real and extent it has occurred in the recent decades. The third question relates to the causes of global warming. The fourth question centers on the effects of global warming. The fifth question is whether any action needs to be taken to contain global warming. The author concurs

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Why Laptop Is Still Useless in the Third Worlds School Free Essay Example, 1500 words

Elaborating on commercial uses of laptops, e-commerce has the potential to contribute considerably to the GDP of a country. Official statistics forecasted that e-commerce will contribute to almost 10% of the GDP of Japan between 2004 and 2009. If e-commerce could gain popularity in developing countries, it could set off a domino effect. By buying $170 laptops, people can access the internet easily and can start small businesses online, proliferating employment opportunities. However, it should be noted that third world countries have a very low literacy rate. In a survey conducted by UN in a third world country, Pakistan, 50% of fifth-grade primary school children selected randomly for the survey failed a simple test that assessed their educational basics. The total adult literacy rate in Pakistan is 55%; however, the majority of these people only know how to sign their name. It is hard to expect them to operate a laptop, let alone conduct business online. Malawi is a small country located in South Africa and has a population of 13 million people. Out of such a small population, 14% have HIV/AIDS and the average life expectancy is 37 years. We will write a custom essay sample on Why Laptop Is Still Useless in the Third Worlds School or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/page Many of the teachers are secondary school graduates and have little know-how of teaching since most of them do not receive any professional training courses. Where schools lack basic infrastructure like chairs, tables, stationery etc and children wear the same battered old clothes to school every day, how can a laptop create educational opportunities for these children?

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Essay about Malcolm X - 2055 Words

Malcolms life is a Horatio Alger story with a twist. His is not a rags to riches tale, but a powerful narrative of self-transformation from petty hustler to internationally known political leader. Born in Omaha, Nebraska, the son of Louise and Earl Little, who was a Baptist preacher active in Marcus Garveys Universal Negro Improvement Association, Malcolm, along with his siblings, experienced dramatic confrontations with racism from childhood. Hooded Klansmen burned their home in Lansing, Michigan; Earl Little was killed under mysterious circumstances; welfare agencies split up the children and eventually committed Louise Little to a state mental institution; and Malcolm was forced to live in a detention home run by†¦show more content†¦On other issues, however, Malcolm showed signs of independence from the NOI line. During the mid-1950s, for example, he privately scoffed at Muhammads interpretation of the genesis of the white race and seemed uncomfortable with the idea that all white people were literally devils. He was always careful to preface his remarks with The honorable Elijah Muhammad teaches. . . . More significantly, Malcolm clearly disagreed with the NOIs policy of not participating in politics. He not only believed that political mobilization was indispensable but occasionally defied the rule by supporting boycotts and other forms of protest. In 1962, before he split with the NOI, Malcolm shared the podium with black, white, and Puerto Rican labor organizers in the left- wing, multiracial hospital workers union in New York. He also began developing an independent Pan-Africanist and, in some respects, Third World political perspective during the 1950s, when anticolonial wars and decolonization (see Decolonization in Africa: An Interpretation) were pressing public issues. As early as 1954 Malcolm gave a speech comparing the situation in Vietnam (see Vietnam War) with that of the Mau Mau Rebellion in colonial Kenya, framing both of these movements as uprisings of the darker races creating a tidal wave against U.S. andShow MoreRelatedMalcolm X2364 Words   |  10 Pagesï » ¿ Introduction Malcolm X is seen as quite a controversial person. His admirers see him as a courageous human rights activist who campaigned for the rights of African Americans and showed white America how racist it was. His enemies see him as a racist, anti-Semitic and violent person. Malcolm X was orphaned early in life. At the age of six his father was killed and it has been rumoured that white racists were responsible. Seven years later his mother passed away after which he lived in a seriesRead MoreMalcolm Of The Malcolm X Journey2039 Words   |  9 PagesThe Malcolm X Journey Malcolm Little was born in the mid twentieth century, these were difficult times for the black youth. As Little grew older he knew there needed to be change, he was one of the few people that was capable of making that happen for the fellow African-American and African. At a very young age Malcolm grasped the concept that there s something not right, that there needed to be an alteration and thus is where he started his studies. Malcolm needed to be outspoken he wanted toRead MoreEssay on Malcolm X962 Words   |  4 PagesMalcolm X On May 19, 1925 Malcolm Little was born to Louise and Earl Little. He was born in Omaha, Nebraska. Malcolm was the seventh of eleven children. Malcolms father, Earl, was a Baptist minister from Reynolds, Georgia. His mother was raised in Grenada in the British West Indies. His father was also became an organizer for Marcus Garveys Universal Negro Improvement Association. Marcus Garvey and his followers fought for racial separation and more power for blacks. Growing up, MalcolmsRead MoreThe Autobiography Of Malcolm X1701 Words   |  7 Pagesautobiography of Malcolm X. Malcolm X was one of the most controversial Men in American history. I’m familar with the name Malcolm X however, I’m not familliar with the works and background of Malcolm X. This is why I choose to read the autobiography of Malcolm X written by himself and Alex Haley. Which gives the read an insight on his background, beliefs, and the American society then. I believe that many people including my self have misunderstood Malcolm X. I believe that Malcolm X is misunderstoodRead MoreThe Autobiography Of Malcolm X791 Words   |  4 Pageslife. Malcolm X told his life story of how he overcame in his autobiography simply called The Autobiography of Malcolm X as told to Alex Haley. His life changed the world historically, socially, and especially politically by taking a stand against racism of all kinds which still exists in today’s â€Å"modern† standards. Using his personal life experience with racism towards African-Americans, Malcolm spreads the word on equality for all with a realistic tone that inspires trust in him. Malcolm X reachesRead MoreWho is Malcolm X?1087 Words   |  5 PagesMalcolm X Malcolm X was born Malcolm Little May 19, 1925 in Omaha, Nebraska. He was the son of Louise Norton and Earl Little. He lived with 7 brothers and sisters. Malcolm’s father was an outspoken Baptist minister and on various occasions received death threats forcing his family to relocate twice before Malcolm’s fourth birthday. Malcolm’s father Earl Little, was a man of the Baptist preaching community who was a supporter of large civil right movements. Earl had many encounters withRead MoreEssay on Malcolm X1699 Words   |  7 Pages The Autobiography of Malcolm X by Alex Haley was published in 1965. It is national best seller about the life and times of Malcolm X. On May 19, 1925 Malcolm Little was born in Omaha, Nebraska. His father was a preacher who spoke out about the unity of black people. This caused several white racists to strike out against Malcolm’s father and his family violently. His family moved to Lansing, Michigan where Malcolm, his parents, brothers, and sisters were shot at, burned out of their home, harassedRead MoreEssay on Malcolm X1346 Words   |  6 Pagesamong all of these leaders though, Malcolm X. Although fighting for the same thing as his colleagues in the civil rights movements, he was considered by many to represent the more extreme side of the battle for equa lity in the United States. It is his standout views and beliefs that make Malcolm X one of the most prominent and fascinating African-American leaders in the 1950s and 60s. Malcolm X was born May 19, 1925 in Omaha, Nebraska by the name of Malcolm Little. His childhood was plaguedRead More Malcolm X Essay1409 Words   |  6 PagesMalcolm X Malcolm X, a civil rights leader in the 1960s believed that blacks and whites should be segregated. He also believed that white man was evil and were trying to brainwash all blacks and that Martin Luther Kings non-violent protests werent working and that violence was needed for change. Malcolm Xs life was a life with a lot of conflict and violence in it. Malcolm X was born under the name of Malcolm Little in Omaha, Nebraska in 1925. His father was a baptist minister and anRead MoreThe Education Of Malcolm X Essay984 Words   |  4 Pageswrite to express your feelings and communicate with others. Frederick Douglass and Malcom X both succeeded in learning how to read and write, but in different ways. The education of Malcolm X was learned more formally. Frederick Douglass learned from his surroundings and the people around him. Malcom and Frederick battled in reading and writing, but learned in similar and different ways. During the 1960s, Malcolm X was one of many articulate and powerful leaders of black America. Before he was a street

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Understanding System Case Study of Zoo4U

Question: Discuss about the Understanding System Case Study of Zoo4U. Answer: Introduction A system can be defined as the collection of parts (or say subsystems). The system is developed to achieve some specific goal. The system includes various parts and processes like the input, output, and at the end the total outcome of all the processes in the system. All the elements of a system have to work together so that desired goal can be achieved. The elements of a system are boundary, environment, subsystems, control mechanisms, observable interactions. Also there are different kind of systems are in existence like the natural system, abstract system, symbol system, designed system, information systems, control systems etc. The natural systems include ecosystems. The information systems and the control systems are the specially designed systems that according to the need of the clients or the customers. In this report focuses on developing a system for the Zoo4U in which there are several subsystem that are performing some specific tasks in the total system to run the whole s ystem properly (Adetunji and Adesope 2015). The system also identifies the key stake holders of the different subsystems of the systems. As the zoo system can have a different kind of partners and resources therefore the zoo requires a systematic approach to manage the resources. As an example it can be said that the task of collecting the animal from different locations, their conservation, observation of their nutrition and breeding must be managed by some specialized and skillful staffs (Cong et al. 2014). On the other hand the management of the corporate entertainment and team building events should be managed by some other subsystem so that the total task can be completed in an efficient way. The report also describes the roles of the staffs, animals, and the visitors of the zoo. Identifying the subsystems For the given case study of zoo4U there are several tasks that are to be completed by different sub systems so that they can be completed successfully and help the zoo to achieve a specific goal. A zoo is an organization that requires dynamic operations according to different situations. As Zoo's consolidate different sorts of creatures, drinking water supplies, wastewater, water recycling centers, turf, blooms, trees, strong squanders, restaurants, sanitation offices, and veterinary centers (Emikpe et al. 2016). At present a zoo is managed by with some primary objectives like animal training, care, their conservation etc. therefore the following are the identified sub systems that are related to the organizational system of Zoo4U. 1. Enrollment system. 2. Human resource management system. 3. Animal care management system. 4. Administrative system. 5. Finance management system. Enrollment system- As it takes a lot of money for the conservation of any endangered species thus a zoo requires a constant flow of funds, so that they can carry on the different animal related projects like the conservation and the breeding programs of the animals. Therefore, for this the zoo must think about the different donor adoption programs that can help the in financing the different project at the zoo. Therefore to adopt or participate in the donor ship program the client or the visitor has to enroll in the programs. By introducing the donor ship and adoption program the zoo can help the people to get closer to the nature on the other hand the zoo can raise funds for the animal health care, conservation and the breeding program. Human resource management system- Since a zoo is a multi-dimensional organization that requires a combination of different skillful employees to run it. Like the veterinarians to take care of the animals at the zoo, security guards for the security of the animals of the zoo and the visitors. The operation staffs are responsible for the cleaning, serving food to the animals checking tickets and different other day to day operations. At the end the administrative staffs that are mainly responsible for the running of the zoo. Animal care management system- A great number of plant and animal species have reached to the edge of extinction because of human malpractices. Zoos highlight leader species - appealing creatures that speak to an environment, the protection of which would secure the fate of less alluring species that offer the living space. In todays world the zoo became a business oriented organization therefore the for the sake of the interest of the stake holders its important to manage the collection of the endangered collection of the plants and the animals at the zoo (Fa et al. 2014). In this subsystem, first of all the records of the animals and the plants are maintained. This component of the zoo determines the diet plans for the animals, also the breeding plans for the animals so that the number of animals can be increased for the endangered species (Okwori et al. 2014). Under this subsystems there are some other sub modules or departments that act together to efficiently manage the animals and the plants in the zoo. Administrative system- This subsystem is responsible for taking care of other facilities of the zoo. The following are the responsibilities for this subsystem. 1. Communication between the different departments. 2. Preparing and planning for the emergency situations. 3. Taking care of the environmental sustainability. 4. Maintaining the whole system and its different operations. This decisions made by the administrators are helpful in managing the different complex situations that can occur due to issues in the different other departments. Finanance management - This subsystem is responsible for the allocation and distribution of funds periodically for different operations in the zoo and producing finance related reports. Being a multi-dimensional organization it requires some concise management of the processes and operations in the zoo (King and BraÄ ko 2014). By using the informations the zoo can incorporate different activities and factors that can help in achieving the different objectives. The selected subsystems The following subsystems are chosen for the discussion in this report, Enrollment system, and the Animal care system. Components of the subsystems In this section the components of both the subsystems are discussed. For the animal and plant care system, Objective of the system- According to a survey it is found that almost 700 million people visit a zoo in their region every year. Hence it can be said that a zoo is an important factor that affects the public relationships in a society (Jara et al. 2016). Thus to save any animal species, that is endangered and providing conservation to those animals is the primary goal of this subsystem. For the enrollment system, the objective of this subsystem is to help in fund raising for the different programs of the zoo. Stakeholders of the subsystem- The following are the departments that act together to manage the animals at the zoo. The departments are animal programs department, animal health department and the pathology department, different governmental departments, universities, nongovernmental research organizations etc. (Seidl et al. 2015). These are the departments which are responsible for the exhibitions of the animals, and there day to day care. Also these stake holders are responsible for different kind of research works for the better understanding of the animals and their behavior. On the other hand in donor management system the primary stakeholders are the donors and the zoo officials who communicate with each other. Input and output of the subsystem- in the animal care system the inputs will be providing proper diet, water and nutrition to the animals (Jimnezà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ Mena et al. 2016). Providing habitat or environment similar to their natural habitat helps the animal to feel comfortable in the zoo. Also they must be kept in environment where they can express or behave in their natural way and does not feel stressed. All this input can help the animals in the zoo, to behave in the natural way. Therefore the animals can grow and breed inside the zoo like they do in their natural habitat. For the donor management subsystem the input are the efforts done by the zoo staffs and the resultant output is the adoption or the animals by the clients or the visitors. Consequently it helps in the flow of funds in the different zoo programs. Feedback- As the animals in the zoo live in a fearless environment therefore it will help them to live freely and naturally breed in the zoo. This becomes helpful in their conservation. Transformation involved- From the bringing in the animal in to the zoo there are different steps in which the total system becomes operational (Gusset et al. 2014). Like the making of the habitat, feeding of the animals, introducing their breeding program in the zoo. The boundary of the system- the boundary of the system is the administrators and the staffs only who can change or modify the programs related to any animal. Environment of the system- for a system the environment can be defined as the surroundings that are remaining part of the universe outside the boundary of the system. In this case the environment is the resource management, controlling of the pests and pollution, translocation of the animals, ecological principles and the habitat diversity. Hierarchy in the subsystem-As the zoo is an organization that has numerous kind of different operations thus it should incorporate a chain of importance of control and counteractive action methodologies that starts with the identification of the problems and the realization of danger connected with those risks (Wilson et al. 2015). Managing the problems and risks includes the following strides: starts with, determining the design, operations of departments and utilization of suitable security gear (building controls); second, the advancement of procedures and standard working systems; lastly, the procurement of proper individual defensive equipments for the staffs. Specialized security equipments needs to be utilized as a part of mix with suitable administration and safety practices. Diagram of the Subsystems with annotations Fig1: Detailed diagram (Source: created by Author) Meaning of CATWOE and Root definition CATWOE The CATWOE is the abbreviation of the following C (client) Clients or customers are the stakeholders who are the end-user of the system or procedure. These are the general people wholl either suffer or is benefitted due to the changes occurred in the existing system. In this case study the clients are the visitors of the zoo A (Actors) These are the people who are reason and supporter of the change in the system. Here the actors are the different staffs of the subsystems T (transformation) These are the changes or the events that determines the nature of the change from the input to output. Like when an animal of endangered species is brought in the zoo, the way it is conserved, the approaches to increase the number of the species are taken, is included in the transformation process. W (Weltanschauung) Weltanschauung or say Worldview is the comprehensive view and the more extensive effect of the changed system. The system is broke down to think of the positive and negative effect on the general business processes (Singh and Sharma 2014). This is the most essential stride in CATWOE analysis as various partners have different point of view on the same issue. O (Owner) In the processes of change in the system these are the people who have the authority of decision making. Therefore they can stop the project of change, can decide the point of time from where the change can take place. In this scenario the administrators are the owner of the system who can decide whether or not to bring a change in to the existing system. E (Environmental constraints)- These are the outside constraints, influencing the accomplishment of the arrangement of the change. These can be ethical points of confinement, controls, budgetary requirements, asset impediments, constraints of task extension, limits set by terms of reference and others. Explanation of the keywords in context of the selected subsystem Rich Pictures- A Rich Picture is an approach to investigate, recognize and characterize a circumstance and express it through outlines to make a preparatory mental model (Walker et al. 2014). A rich picture also helps in to get an expansive, shared understanding of a circumstance. Fig2: The Rich picture for the Zoo4U (Source: created by Author) System Maps- System mapping is a helpful technique for both planning and evaluating the plan. Endeavors that intend to change systemsthat is, the manner by which individuals and associations relate (Stead and Stead 2013). Frameworks endeavors may, for instance, attempt to change or enhance the way in which an organization operates, make shared connections or systems, or change the setting or environment in which social change happens. Fig3: System Map for Zoo4U (Source: created by Author) Activity sequence diagram Fig4: Activity sequence diagram (Source: created by Author) Mind maps- Mind map is a graphical way to present data, concepts and structure information. It helps an organization to understand, synthesize, recall, or in generating new ideas (Hung et al. 2014). Fig5: Mind map for the Zoo4U (Source: created by Author) Explaining the hard and soft systems for the selected subsystems The soft and the hard systems are the approaches to model the different organizational processes. These approaches are used in solving general problems as well in the management of the change in the organization. Soft system- In this approach at first the problem situation is understood and expressed. After this some root definitions of the relevant systems related to the problem is developed (Holland and Garfield 2016). Then the conceptual models to solve the problem are made depending upon the root definitions. In the next step the developed models are compared with the real life situations. At the last step the actions are taken using possible changes are suggested that are possible to the existing system and feasible too. In the given case study the soft system methodology needs to be applied (Moore et al. 2016). Since the zoo relates with the animals and may require extensive care to know how the circumstances can be made to suit the animal. Its important because as a conservatory the zoo needs to fulfill all the requirements of the animals so that they can breed in the zoo and prosper within the security of the zoo. Hard systems- This kind of problem solving approach assumes the following, 1. The problems are well defined. 2. The problems can be solved in only one way and that is the optimum solution. 3. It is a scientific approach that works well in solving a problem 4. In this problem solving approach the technical factors dominate the situations. Conclusion The zoo ought to proceed with endeavors to encourage correspondence among and inside offices and to enhance correspondence between various hierarchical levels. There are numerous potential approaches to accomplish change: formalize normal interdepartmental gatherings, grow the utilization of cross-utilitarian assignments and broadly educating, and formalize the utilization of accessible innovative assets for upgrading interchanges inside and over the different units of the zoo. Also the zoo should develop a plan that will monitor the effeteness of the different strategies applied to the whole management system. References Adetunji, V. and Adesope, A., 2015. Some causes of mortalities in captive wild animals in Ibadan, Nigeria: a retrospective study.Nigerian Veterinary Journal,35(2). Bell, S. and Morse, S., 2013. How people use rich pictures to help them think and act.Systemic Practice and Action Research,26(4), pp.331-348. Cong, L., Wu, B., Morrison, A.M., Shu, H. and Wang, M., 2014. Analysis of wildlife tourism experiences with endangered species: An exploratory study of encounters with giant pandas in Chengdu, China.Tourism Management,40, pp.300-310. Emikpe, B.O., Morenikeji, O.A. and Jarikre, T.A., 2016. Zoo animals' disease pattern in a university zoological garden, Ibadan, Nigeria.Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease,6(2), pp.85-89. Fa, J.E., Gusset, M., Flesness, N. and Conde, D.A., 2014. Zoos have yet to unveil their full conservation potential.Animal Conservation,17(2), pp.97-100. Friese, C., 2013.Cloning wild life: zoos, captivity, and the future of endangered animals. NYU Press. Gusset, M., Fa, J.E. and Sutherland, W.J., 2014. A horizon scan for species conservation by zoos and aquariums.Zoo biology,33(5), pp.375-380. Holland, L. and Garfield, J., 2016. Linking Research and Teaching: an Applied Soft Systems Methodology Case Study.International Journal of Information Technologies and Systems Approach,9(2). Hosseinie, S.S., Shirazi, A.M., Ashloghi, A.T. and Mehran, M.H., 2012. The Combination of Soft System and Quality Function Deployment Methodologies in the Design and Development of the Comprehensive Model for World Class Manufacturing Processes.Management Science and Engineering,6(2), pp.22-34. Hung, C.M., Hwang, G.J. and Wang, S.Y., 2014. Effects of an integrated mindmapping and problemposing approach on students' infield mobile learning performance in a natural science course.International Journal of Mobile Learning and Organisation,8(3-4), pp.187-200. Jara, S.F., Abell, M.A., Oliva, F. and Teijeiro, J.D.R., 2016. Intensive demographic and genetic management through European Endangered Species Programmes (EEPs) can make a difference: Cherryà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ crowned mangabey Cercocebus torquatus European studbook and Whiteà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ naped mangabey Cercocebus atys lunulatus EEP results.International Zoo Yearbook. Jimnezà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ Mena, B., Schad, K., Hanna, N. and Lacy, R.C., 2016. Pedigree analysis for the genetic management of groupà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ living species.Ecology and evolution,6(10), pp.3067-3078. King, C.E. and BraÄ ko, A., 2014. Nineteen years of management for Phoenicopteriformes in European Association of Zoos and Aquaria institutions: the Fabulous Flamingo Surveys and strategies to increase reproduction in captivity.International Zoo Yearbook,48(1), pp.184-198. Moore, B., Calvo-Amodio, J. and Junker, J.F., 2016, January. Synthesizing Systemic Intervention Approaches: Combining Viable System Model, Knowledge Management, and Toyota Production System for a Sustainable Holistic Management Model. InProceedings of the 59th Annual Meeting of the ISSS-2015 Berlin, Germany(Vol. 1, No. 1). Novani, S., Putro, U.S. and Hermawan, P., 2014. An Application of Soft System Methodology in Batik Industrial Cluster Solo by Using Service System Science Perspective.Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences,115, pp.324-331. Okwori, A.E.J., Nwankiti, O., Onaji, A.I., Aguoru, C.U., Ogbonna, B.I.O., Attah, A., Makut, M.D. and Adikwu, T.I., 2014. Bacterial Profiles Associated With Captive Non-Human Primates in Jos Zoo, Nigeria. Schmidt, F., Franke, F.A., Shirley, M.H., Vliet, K.A. and Villanova, V.L., 2015. The importance of genetic research in zoo breeding programmes for threatened species: the African dwarf crocodiles (genus Osteolaemus) as a case study.International Zoo Yearbook,49(1), pp.125-136. Schulteà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ Hostedde, A.I. and Mastromonaco, G.F., 2015. Integrating evolution in the management of captive zoo populations.Evolutionary applications,8(5), pp.413-422. Seidl, M., Scholz, M., Huemer, C. and Kappel, G., 2015. The Activity Diagram. InUML@ Classroom(pp. 141-166). Springer International Publishing. Silber, S.J., Barbey, N., Lenahan, K. and Silber, D.Z., 2013. Applying clinically proven human techniques for contraception and fertility to endangered species and zoo animals: a review.Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine,44(4s), pp.S111-S122. Singh, A. and Sharma, E.S., 2014. Functional Test Cases Generation Based on Automated Generated Use Case Diagram. Stead, J.G. and Stead, W.E., 2013.Sustainable strategic management. ME Sharpe. Walker, D., Steinfort, P. and Maqsood, T., 2014. Stakeholder voices through rich pictures.International Journal of Managing Projects in Business,7(3), pp.342-361. Wilson, M.L., Perdue, B.M., Bloomsmith, M.A. and Maple, T.L., 2015. Rates of reinforcement and measures of compliance in free and protected contact elephant management systems.Zoo biology,34(5), pp.431-437.